I Am No Longer A Foreign Service Officer


KilimanjaroA post I wrote in October 2006 called “What is a Foreign Service officer?” ranks among this blog’s most popular entries. I wrote it during the heady days when I was looking forward to a long career as a diplomat and retiring from the Foreign Service. Alas, it was not meant to be. I resigned from the U.S. Department of State last year to pursue other interests, a decision that I do not regret and am thankful I made.

I owe it to readers who read my earlier post a balanced view of the Foreign Service that cannot be found in the Foreign Service Journal, AFSA press releases, State Department literature, or blogs written by diplomats or their dependents. Most of what you read online about the Foreign Service is rosy and, in my opinion, defends it to a fault. Perpetual sunshine about the Foreign Service does not tell the full story and does a disservice to those who are interested in becoming Foreign Service officers and need a more realistic picture of what to expect.

If you are interested in a career as a Foreign Service officer, you should seriously consider these points before embarking on the lengthy and competitive application process. I do not want to dissuade you from pursuing your dream, but you should be aware of some realities of Foreign Service life that are not well publicized. These views are my own but have been reinforced by years of firsthand observations and conversations with peers. Many of my colleagues shared these sentiments.

1. Worldwide Availability. You are expected to be available for service worldwide, and your personal preferences may not be taken into account. You may be called to go somewhere you don’t want to go that could put your life at risk. The needs of the service supersede yours. Expect to serve in places you may not want to be.

2. Separation. Be prepared at some point in your career to be separated from your family and serve unaccompanied. If your spouse or partner also works for the Department, expect to do separate tours at least once in your career, possibly more. As of last year, over ten percent of all posts were unaccompanied. If keeping the family together is your raison d’être, you may be disappointed.

3. U.S. Interests. Expect to promote U.S. foreign policy. There is little room for altruism and idealism if it does not coincide with U.S. interests. These interests depend on the administration in office, and whatever you advocated may change at any time. You do not serve your country. You serve the Federal Government and hope that it is doing what’s best for your country.

4. Frequent Moves. Be prepared to move frequently. In some cases, this may mean a short tour of one year or less in a conflict zone, a short-term assignment, an evacuation, or a reassignment to another post. You will move from place to place every two-to-three years, or sooner, unless you can find a different assignment at the same post. While moving from country to country may seem exciting to some, relocation ranks as one of the biggest headaches for Foreign Service families.

5. Bureaucracy. Get used to working in a bureaucracy. You work for the Federal Government. It may be “cool” being a diplomat, but you are still a member of the bureaucracy. Expect decisions and paperwork to move slowly through the system, if at all. Often they will be “overcome by events,” a fancy term that means you did a lot of work for nothing. You will do an immense amount of paper pushing in the office until you’re senior enough to have support staff to do it for you.

6. Unfair Rules. “Fair” is a four-letter word. Do not expect justice or fairness. The rules are written to be equalizers and may make no sense. Expect “no” as an answer to even the most logical requests and massage the rules until you get to “yes.” You are subject to the Foreign Affairs Manual and federal regulations. In a rule-based organization, those who know the rules and how to work the system tend to do better. Those who expect fairness, justice, or hold firm in their resolve often go wanting. The Foreign Service has few options for those who want to pursue a complaint because the rules were written with the Department’s interests in mind.

7. Multiple Clearances. Do nothing until you have cleared with everyone who needs to approve whatever you’re doing or face potential consequences. Your superiors are ultimately responsible for your actions under mission authority and can take disciplinary action if you misstep. If you’re a free spirit or like to do things your own way, think twice. Measure as many times as it takes to get full clearance and then cut.

8. No Privacy. Do not expect to have any privacy. Your life is on public display, and you are expected to lead yourself in public responsibly. Do nothing privately you would not want to see end up in the pages of the Washington Post. Everyone wants to know what you’re doing. Everyone, inside and out.

9. Unhealthy Work Environment. Expect to work with a variety of personalities from many cultures. Given its high-pressure working environment, the Foreign Service has elevated levels of stress that can negatively influence behavior. While many employees are excellent colleagues, the Department has its fair share of bad bosses and nasty coworkers. The Department’s hierarchical clearance and promotion systems are designed to give leverage to those in positions of authority. They can make your life miserable if you’re not compliant or simply rub them the wrong way. Try to get along, even if it goes against every fiber in your being, because with perseverance you too will rise to a position of authority and eventually exert your own leverage.

Michael Gene (M. G.) Edwards is a writer of books and stories in the mystery, thriller and science fiction-fantasy genres. He also writes travel adventures. A former U.S. diplomat, he served in South Korea, Paraguay, and Zambia before resigning in 2011 to write full time. He is recipient of numerous State Department awards, the Joint Civilian Service Achievement Award from the U.S. Department of Defense, and a commendation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Paraguay. He lives in Bangkok, Thailand with his wife Jing and son Alex. For books and stories by M.G. Edwards, visit his web site at www.mgedwards.com. Contact him at me@mgedwards.com or on Facebook or Twitter.

The views in this blog entry are solely those of the writer and do not represent the views of the U.S. Department of State.

Biking to Build Schools


I haven’t been blogging as much because I’ve been busy lately.  We just got back from a nice weekend retreat at a colleague’s ranch (estancia) in rural Paraguay about 1.5 hours east of Asuncion.  We had a wonderful weekend.  It is a nice respite from the hectic time we’ve been having in Asuncion and at work.  I am working on posting some photos from the trip and will write about the it later.  Today I wanted to highlight the efforts of some Peace Corps volunteers to support school building in Paraguay.  Through their "Biking to Build Schools" initiative, they hope to raise $35,000 to help a local NGO, the Center for Campesino Education Training and Technology (CECTEC), build schools in rural Paraguay.  In 2009, the volunteers plan to ride 6,000 miles in South America from Ushaia, Argentina at the southernmost point of South America to Asuncion to raise money via donor pledges.  I think it’s a noble endeavor.  Please consider donating to their cause via their web site, http://www.bikingtobuildschools.com/.

Habitat for Humanity Paraguay


On Friday, I led a small group of volunteers to San Antonio, a town about 30 minutes outside Asuncion, to help Habitat for Humanity build houses for the poor.  Habitat’s Paraguay chapter, in collaboration with Project for the People of Paraguay, an NGO dedicated to helping Paraguay, kicked off its "Five Houses in Five Days" project.  The project is self-explanatory–about 100 volunteers worked together to build five small homes for the homeless.  We helped out toward the end of the project.  The weather was lousy, and we got lost a couple of times searching for the work site.  Still, we were able to help out a bit once we arrived. I wish we could have helped out more. 
 
This is the third volunteer project I’ve worked on in the past year.  The first one — ongoing work at the Rutherford B. Hayes Elementary School in Villa Hayes — is a labor of love to help improve a school that is the namesake of former U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes.  It’s in conjunction with a larger project in honor of President Hayes, who decided on November 12, 1878 in favor of Paraguay to return a large portion of Paraguayan territory to Paraguay.  It had been occupied by the Argentines, who occupied the territory following the War of the Triple Alliance.  This year is the 130th anniversary, and I’m working a group to honor this anniversary — including refurbishing the Hayes School.  The third project is a $2,000 donation to an orphanage in rural La Colmena that a group of us completed in July.
 
I’m also involved with a team working to ease drought conditions in the Chaco for thousands of families without water.  The same is working on a project to donate medical kits to ten of the poorest villages in the country, medicines, and a few hospital beds.  The team will also fix a broken ambulance.  Most importantly, the team is working on a project to pipe water from an existing well to some villages half an hour away by foot, and redrill a contaminated well.  These villagers severely lack medical attention and access to basic needs such as water.
 
Yesterday I put the case of a 14-year-old girl in a rural village with a severe facial tumor in touch with a local NGO that could help her with tumor removal and reconstructive surgery.  Next week, I will meet with a Catholic brother who works in Tacumbu, one of Asuncion’s poorest neighborhoods.  He’ll give me a tour and show me areas where the neighborhood could use improvement with small volunteer projects.  I will also seek out the John F. Kennedy School for Delinquent Children in San Lorenzo, a suburb of Asuncion.
 
Whenever I have a bad day — of which I have had many lately — I remember that things could always be worse.  These projects remind me of that daily.
 
For the shutterbugs:  I posted photos of the Habitat project in a photo album.  Enjoy!

What is a Foreign Service officer?


Update 1/4/12:  I am no longer a Foreign Service officer as of 2011. Visit my updated blog entry on the Foreign Service for additional information.
 
Whether you’re a new visitor to this site or a long-time reader, you might be wondering–what do I do for a living?  What brought me and my family to Korea?  Am I a soldier?  No, I am a civilian assigned by the U.S. Department of State to work in the Republic of Korea (South Korea).  I am a Foreign Service officer, also known as a Foreign Service generalist or diplomat.  I am an officer commissioned by the U.S. Congress to perform a specific duty.  I’m commissioned by the U.S. Government to protect U.S. interests overseas and promote American values.  The term “diplomat” is a general term that can apply to anyone who works in an official capacity overseas.  The term “diplomat” conjures images of cocktail affairs, intense negotiations, and photo ops.  While these events happens from time to time–usually at a more senior level–reality is different than perception for Foreign Service officers. 
 
I presently work at the American Embassy in Seoul, although my wife and I will leave soon to return to the U.S. for vacation and for training in Washington, D.C.  Next year, we will move to Paraguay, where I will serve for two more years in the Foreign Service.  In Korea, I have issued visas to foreign nationals to visit the United States, and I have helped many Americans who need assistance.  I absolutely love my job.  Although no job is perfect, I consider myself blessed to be in a career that I love and serve my country.  There is no job like it in the world.  No other job would give me the opportunity to do consular work in Asia one year and political work in South America the next.  If I weren’t doing what I’m doing now, I would probably be in Phoenix, Arizona with my family, working in the semiconductor industy and living a quiet, suburban lifestyle.  Instead, I’m overseas, living a dream.
 
If you are interested in working overseas and serving your country, consider becoming a Foreign Service officer.  Many people do.  BusinessWeek Magazine recently named the U.S. State Department the sixth best place to launch a career.  According to BusinessWeek, recent college undergraduates named the U.S. State Department their third most desireable employer, after Walt Disney and Google (I don’t know about you, but I would much prefer working on cutting edge diplomacy than working at a theme park or writing code).  Simply put, this is an exciting career, and there is never a dull moment.  You see and do things you would never have an opportunity to see or do in other fields.  It isn’t easy to become a Foreign Service officer.  The selection process is competitive, and few who apply are chosen to serve.
 
If you’re interested in pursuing a career in the Foreign Service, visit the State Department’s Careers web site (careers.state.gov) to learn more about jobs with the Department and how to begin your career as a Foreign Service officer or specialist.  The American Foreign Service Association (AFSA) also offers great information about the Foreign Service.  AFSA’s “Inside a U.S. Embassy” book is perhaps the best resource for learning more about what Foreign Service personnel do for a living.  AFSA also publishes the Foreign Service Journal (FSJ), a monthly publication dedicated to the Foreign Service community.  The FSJ offers in-depth analyses of contemporary foreign policy issues.  Finally, my friend Editfish writes one of the best Foreign Service-oriented blogs, Tumbleweeds (http://editfish.blogspot.com/).  His site chronicles his quest to join the Foreign Service.  It includes a variety of helpful links related to the Foreign Service, including a list of other blogs written by members of the Foreign Service community.
 
I know this doesn’t give you a detailed description of what I do for a living, but I hope it gives you an idea of what it means to be a Foreign Service officer.  I hope you’ll also consider a career in Foreign Service.  Chances are, you won’t regret it.